Golden Temple India - One of the most renowned temples for the Sikhs, the Golden Temple is also the pride of Amritsar.

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Golden TempleLocation - Amritsar

Best Time to Visit - October to December

The revered Golden Temple is located in Amritsar in the state of Punjab. It is one of the major pilgrimage spots for Sikhs and is also referred as Harminder Sahib. The Golden Temple is the holy place of both beauty and peacefulness. The temple from all the sides is bordered by a mesmerising lake that adds to the overall beauty of the temple. Since ages the temple premise has been one of the meditation spots for many sages and mendicants. It is also mentioned that Lord Buddha spent years contemplating at this place. The foundation of Harminder Sahib is an noteworthy achievement of the Sikh Gurus.
Temple in Detail
Some four centuries ago, the Sikh Gurus initiated the construction of the Golden Temple. This initial process was done by Guru Ram Das and Guru Amar Das. The final construction job was commenced by Guru Arjan Dev. The Golden Temple has four entrances called deoris, which opens in all the four directions symbolizing the temple to be open for all caste, creed and religion. The origin of the place where the Golden Temple stands is still a matter of mystry. Some traditions trace its origin from the pre-historic period as a place of considerable religious importance in the form of an Amrit Kund ( spring Nectar). This thought is derived from ancient Hindu Puranas. The dome of the temple is a wonderful form of architecture.

The temple is surrounded by a lake known as Sarovar which consists of Amrit or holy water. The person who has consumed alcohol, smoked cigarettes and other drugs are strictly forbidden in the temple complex.

Grand Architecture
The architecture of the Golden Temple is a fine blend of both Hindu and Muslim architectural styles.

The 52 metre, square based,Hari Mandir stands on a 20 metre square platform. The lower part of the platform is made of white marble and the upper parts of it are covered with gilded copper. In the interior on the ground floor is placed the Guru Granth Sahib, under a beautiful canopy studded in jewels. On the first floor there is a small pavilion called as the Shish Mahal or the Mirror Room. The interior of the Shish Mahal is ornamented with small mirrors of various shapes and sizes , skillfully inlaid in the ceilings. The typical art and architectural features of the Golden Temple can be summed up as Multiplicity of chhatris, the use of fluted domes covered with gilded copper, balconised windows and various forms of mural art.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a great king whom served the Sikh community to a great extent. He got repaired the principal building in 1802 AD. He with the help of certain trained architects ornamented the Golden Temple like a bride with jewels. The heavenly beauty of the Golden Temple to a great extent can be credited to Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

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