have their own created languages with which they communicate but once we
cross this stage we are bound to learn a variety of languages through which
we can make our communication a successful one, and grasping languages
become a requisite when one's roots is linked to a India, a land of variety
of linguistic communities. People in different parts of the country uses a
different language to communicate, this variety of languages gives a unique
identity to India in the whole world.
India has a diverse list of spoken languages. Around 800 different
languages and more than 2000 dialects have been identified in India. There
are 24 regional languages in India that are recognised by the Constitution
of India. These languages are spoken throughout the country. Some of the
regional languages are - Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarathi, Hindi,
Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithli, Malayalam, Meitei, Marathi, Nepali,
Oriya, Punabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. Hindi and
English are the two principal languages of India. In fact Hindi is spoken by
around 250 million speakers. Tribal languages are also spoken by a majority
of Indians and have more than 4 mi8llion speakers.
In states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttaranchal, Madhya
Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi, Hindi
is recognised as the official language. However English is identified as the
co-official language of India. Tamil and Sanskrit have been given the status
of classical languages of India.
The vividness of languages in India can be seen in its various means of
communication like: newspapers ( which is published in more than 90
languages), radio programmes and films. The Indian languages find their
roots from four distinct families namely - Indo-European, Dravidian, Mom -
Khmer and Sino - Tibetan. However Indo-European and Dravidian languages are
used by a majority of Indian population. The Indo -European languages
dominate in the northern and central India and the southern India is
dominated by the Dravidian languages.